Notwithstanding laws and policies prohibiting such discrimination, surges in anti-Semitism, Islamophobia, anti-Black racism and xenophobia continue to manifest around the world, from Poland and Hungary to the United States. Interdisciplinary, comparative and global in scope, this course examines a spectrum of theoretical frameworks and policy approaches to understand and address such developments. Participants will explore a spectrum of related issues such as violent conflict, biased citizenship and nationality laws, policing that disproportionately impacts minority communities, counter-terrorism and volatile political rhetoric, among other matters. Students will also examine international, regional and national responses, including those of the United Nations. No prior familiarity with the subject matter is necessary.